NOVEMBER 2022 / APRIL 2023

Director: Dra. Arq. Rita Laura Molinos
Editor: Dra. María Ledesma
Coeditor: DG. Miguel A. Santángelo
Technical editor: DG. Emiliano M. Eseiza

© The contents and metadata of this magazine are licensed under Open Access CC BY-NC-ND 2.5 AR
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Dossier “Digitalities of the South: decolonize, decode, design”

Dra. Cristina Voto, Dr. David Sperling y Dr. Rodrigo Martin-Iglesias


Digital fabrication technologies for Industrial Design education. The Digital Fabrication Laboratory of Duoc UC in Chile
David A. Torreblanca-Díaz


Digital technologies are changing conceptual, methodological paradigms and praxis in design disciplines, in professional, educational and research fields. Neil Gershenfeld, creator of Fab Lab concept, proposes a new way of understanding and using technology, suggesting that communities take ownership of technology actively to solve local problems. This text shows the experience of creation and implementation and startup of the Digital Fabrication Laboratory at Duoc UC, Plaza Oeste in Chile, for the Industrial Design program, in the period between 2008 and 2015 year. A qualitative and reflective analysis of the activities and approaches of the laboratory is shown.

Sketches for a cinema-cartography from the global south
Gabriel Teixeira Ramos


This text circumscribes a field provisionally called cinema-cartography, in which the way of thinking cinema and the way of thinking cartography are connected through a critical reflection of positions of the global South, starting from the hypothesis that straight lines would synthesize modern western thought. Strategies in audiovisual practices that critically relate films and maps are pointed out, with the aim of discussing methodological experiments, in a procedure of mapping-filming-thinking-writing, in view of thinking a problem in the cinema of the global South.

Between communication networks and socialization of knowledge. Territorial projections for a brazilian public university
Camila Poeta Mangrich, Lucas Fernandes De Oliveira, Luís Henrique Pavan, y José Ripper Kós


The Brazilian university territory is based on critical exchanges with policies and pedagogical models of the Global North. These characteristics reflect how the potential for knowledge socialization and confronting the climate crisis is not a severely addressed issue on campus. Through experiments applied to the Trindade Campus of UFSC, we trace intersections between the role of the university territory with the typologies of communication networks theorized by Paul Baran in 1964. We identify a latent disposition in academic interactions to achieve the resilience of a welldistributed infrastructural space.

The critical appropriation of digitality
Patricia Muñoz


If we consider the last 40 years of professional activity in industrial design, we can confirm that digital media have crossed it, transforming it significantly. The designers who went through this period had a training and then a professional and research practice that were pre-digital, material, concrete, palpable. Today, having gone through these changes, we are characterized by hybridity. The critical appropriation of the digital allowed us to expand, add and transform in the combination, attending to local needs and possibilities. We seek to demonstrate the transformations and contributions of the digital in the specific area of morphology in industrial design, as well as its appropriation from research and teaching. This process enabled the construction of new knowledge from previous knowledge and its transfer in projects for small groups of users, such as patients with rare diseases that require customized adaptations.

Other looks at praxis in design and architecture. Notes on the beginning of the use of digital fabrication technologies in South America
Rodrigo Scheeren


The article presents a historical overview of the scenario of digital technologies in South America, more specifically, the assimilation of digital fabrication. The objective is to understand the role of certain events and actors besides how some dynamics were established in design and architecture in the first decade of the 2000s. In this way, it configures a panorama of the formation of the local scenario in front of a global dimension, which happened with the acquisition and gradual mastery of software and machinery for creating strategies that dealt between computation and the materialization of prototypes and constructive elements.

A thought beyond the emerging. The architects challenge at the intersection between technology and environment
Gabriele do Rosario Landim e José Luciano da Costa Júnior


There is a growing understanding that the strategies of so-called sustainable development have not been effective in facing the current climate and environmental crises, for being linked to the commercial interests of green capitalism, which monetizes and quantifies natural resources based on market dynamics. The article, written in an essayistic tone, will explore the relationships between market sustainability and the arguments used in optimization and performance research. Thus, it seeks to explore what exists between the idea of technological development in architecture and the technoscientific epistemologies of countries at the centre of capitalism, which have dictated to Brazilian researchers and professionals a path that devalues techno-scientific knowledge produced outside the logic of dominant science. Assuming this, how has the field of architecture, increasingly seduced by new technologies such as optimization algorithms and AI, positioned itself in face of this debate?

Challenging digital algorithms. Strategies from art to recover the performative capacity of internet archives
Guadalupe Álvarez


The volume of digital information shared on the Internet has increased year after year and it has been supported by the same users of each platform or social network. This great digital archive –not only made up of shared elements but also of the interactions of users in them– is used by the same platforms to offer ways of browsing it: what we see unfolds a trajectory that feeds our next visualizations. Given this premeditated curatorship, the research question is established: what are the possible strategies to build your own narrative or design other ways of approaching this archive? The corpus of this work is made up of a group of Argentine artists who rethink this question from their practice and build a sensitive way of thinking about the algorithmic: recovering its human dimension. For the analysis of these works, a Peircean semiotic methodology and a conceptual approach based on Performance Studies were used. The conclusions of this article outline the main strategies found with the intention of diagramming ways to recover the performative capacity of internet archives.

Open the black box and think about the methods. Optimization in performance-based architectural design
Dyego da Silva Digiandomenico, Gabriele do Rosario Landim e Cláudio Fabiano Motta Toledo


Optimization algorithms integrated into computational design have aroused more and more interest in architecture and urbanism. We draw attention to a frequent practice in computational design: publishing research on optimization without explaining, detailing, or sharing the sets of procedures that led to the optimized results. The lack of sharing of methods and procedures applied to the optimization of architectural projects can produce insecure conclusions, abandon discussions about the solutions and make their replicability unfeasible, making the critical analysis of the process difficult. We discuss details that emerged when moving between the technical applicability of an open optimization algorithm and what we learn from this process more broadly and critically for production in the global south.

General thematic articles

Sustainable river landscape in Nogueras, Comala, Mexico
Francisco Javier Cárdenas Munguía


The Nogueras Ecopark in Comala, Mexico, integrates natural and anthropic factors, with intrinsic value perceived and reinterpreted by residents and visitors. Located on a former farm next to the La Tía Barragana stream, it has landscapes appreciated for their exuberant diversity, traditional built legacy, and history of supportive communities, prone to promoting ecotourism, food and forestry with a view to sustainability. In the design, construction and operation of the park, these regional values were weighted with the support of research. The legacy of the site is accredited with reliable documents and the hypothesis-objective of influencing environmental culture with increased public visits by students and national and foreign tourists is verified. It is a small place where identity patterns emanate from its construction and operation, attributes of enjoyment, education, contribution to knowledge, use of contemporary constructive eco-technologies, withdrawal of constructions to enhance native vegetation, authentic use of materials, harmony, and beauty of the environment, exclusive of the regional landscape.

Epistemological agreements for design knowledge
Lucas Gastón Rodríguez


The paper aims to analyse and delimit epistemological frameworks in research and teaching of projectual disciplines, agreeing on basic definitions. In its development, it is argued that the characteristics of project knowledge –analogous to design– require its distinction from other fields –such as science, art, and technique–, without renouncing its feedback. In addition, we distinguish positions that operate on, for and through the projectual process. Finally, the paper mentions the virtues of researching the teaching, as a contribution to the analytical, creative, and communicative formation of project knowledge, recovering and enhancing its transdisciplinary, complex, and multidimensional qualities.

A perfect plan? Mario Buschiazzo’s admission to the National Academy of Fine Arts and its effects on argentine historiography
Carla Guillermina García


This article analyse Mario J. Buschiazzo’s admission to the National Academy of Fine Arts (ANBA) as a specific moment in his professional career. Also, I explain how during this period (1963-1970) he carried out specific actions related to the area of publishing projects and with the research topics that he promoted, in parallel, from his institute at the university. The main idea postulated in this article is that the exchange between these institutions dedicated to the study and dissemination of heritage —the UBA and the ANBA— remained limited and adapted to the interests of Buschiazzo, instead of promoting long-term actions. The entrance to the ANBA, a decade later, of historians trained along with him at the Instituto de Arte Americano e Investigaciones Estéticas, presented new possibilities for expansion and in associations with other organizations.

Liquid graphics. An approach to the concept from the change from #seráley to #esley
Ignacio L. Ravazzoli


The introduction of information and communication technologies (ICT) has generated changes and new forms of expression that are not only applied to professional design practice but also to forms of social expression. From this approach, graphic activism in contemporary feminist movements has demonstrated the potential of design as a form of citizen participation, both in public demonstrations and virtual spaces. Taking into account this feedback between the street and the web, the objective of this article seeks to outline a first approximation to the notion of liquid graphics, starting from the analysis of contemporary argentine feminist movements, specifically through the analysis of the days before and after to the approval of the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy Law and the use of the hashtags #seráley and #esley

Epistemological turn in projectuality and its teaching
Ana María Romano


A great part of the worldview which is present in the professional activity and teaching practice is built during the training. The purpose of this text is to analyse how the projective thought is conditioned by some alternative theories which offer new outlooks.
The gender perspective, through feminist and southern epistemology as well, are contributions to the projective epistemology, which can counterbalance the patriarchal and european-centered ones, present in the works of architecture, design, and urban planning and in the training of architects, designers, and urban planners.
During the training, biased information, blanks in history, protagonists made invisible are obstacles which have to be removed in order to pave the way to new awareness, admitting how difficult it is for the ones who want to do so, due to their own shortcomings.

Janic temporalities on some historical interpretations of fin-de-siècle Buenos Aires. A conceptual proposal
Nathalie Goldwaser Yankelevich y María Luz Mango


From a critical analysis, in this article we address a secondary corpus that referred to the centennial history of the city of Buenos Aires, avoiding the nickname Belle époque. However, to understand this period (1880–1910) we propose to use the concept of fashion, not because of its archetype (clothing), but as a phenomenon whose Jian procedure would show the three historical tempos of a city, that is, looking at the past, settling in the present, in order to die in the future to become a new tradition. So, the architectural fashion, urban, can be reborn and incorporate another innovation.


Book review. Unease of what is public
Mario Sabugo